Forget saving money on gas and takeout lunches at the office. Americans on average are spending more money working from home than they were commuting to the office before shelter-in-place rules closed most offices.
Modest savings on gas and restaurant meals are more than offset for the average employee who’s able to work remotely by higher spending on groceries and utilities, according to a new survey from Nationally, people are saving about $27 a month on restaurants and takeout, $33 on gas and public transit, and $34 on child care. But that hardly makes up for the extra $121 they’re spending on utilities and an extra $182 on groceries.
“I was really shocked that the average person working from home is actually spending more money,” said Ted Rossman, an industry analyst at
Rossman stressed that those findings are specifically about people who are able to work from home, a benefit that is disproportionately available to white and high-income workers. About 61% of white workers in California are able to work from home compared to 53% of Black and 42% of Latinx workers, according to a Berkeley IGS poll. And an analysis by the housing website Apartment List found that about 52% of people making $100,000 or more a year could work from home compared to 22% of workers making between $25,000 and $50,000 a year.
The survey also found that not everyone is spending equally while working from home. Millennials are spending on average $208 more a month, while members of Generation X — those born roughly in the 1960s and 1970s — are saving money, spending $2 less a month. Baby Boomers, who generally earn more in part because they’ve been in the workforce for longer, are saving $24 a month.
Lower-income households — already less likely to be able to work from home — also spent more than their wealthier counterparts. Households making less than $40,000 annually spent an extra $151 a month, more than twice the extra $60 households making over $80,000 annually spent while working from home.
Rossman said that could be because some of the luxuries wealthier households could regularly afford — going to the theater or taking yoga classes, for example — are not as available now, and those savings help balance out higher utilities or grocery costs.
“The lower-income households were probably spending a higher percentage of their income in necessities, so there wasn’t necessarily as much to be cut,” Rossman said. “Whereas the higher-income households, I think they had more room to save.”
The survey was conducted in May and asked 2,768 adults, including 822 who are or have worked from home during the pandemic, about their spending habits and their satisfaction with remote work. About 82% of people working from home would like to keep doing so at least twice a week, the survey found, and 35% would be happy never going back to an office. That could be in part because improvements in some workers’ quality of life make up for extra costs, something Rossman knows firsthand.
“I have been working from home since mid-March. I work in New York City normally and I live about 30 miles north of the city,” he said. “It’s probably saving me three hours a day round trip.”
The Texas Workforce Commission decided Tuesday to postpone reinstating a work-search requirement for out-of-work Texans receiving unemployment benefits.
The requirement that Texans be actively searching for a job in order to receive benefits was initially slated to go into effect Monday. But agency officials cited rising numbers of coronavirus cases and hospitalizations across Texas — as well as Gov. Greg Abbott’s June 26 executive order scaling back the reopening of Texas businesses — in the commission’s decision to postpone the reinstatement.
"Due to the resurgence of COVID-19 cases in Texas, TWC has decided to pause the return of work search requirements at this time," Ed Serna, the TWC's executive director, wrote in a press release. "We will continue to monitor the situation and make further recommendations in late July."
The mandate would have required out-of-work Texans requesting unemployment benefits to prove they engaged in at least three work-search activities. Self-employed workers would have had to prove they took at least three steps to reopen their businesses.
"From the outset, TWC has stated that bringing back work search would be conditions-based," the press release said.
Texas' May unemployment rate was 13%, and more than 2.6 million Texans have filed for unemployment since the pandemic began — flooding the TWC with claims as businesses closed and coronavirus cases skyrocketed.
TWC officials originally defended the July 6 reinstatement of the work-search requirement, noting that job searches can be performed remotely in order to avoid exposure to the coronavirus.
“Work search activities can be completed at home without potential exposure to COVID-19,” TWC spokesperson Cisco Gamez wrote in a June 16 email to the Texas Tribune.
Abhi Rahman, a spokesperson for the Texas Democratic Party, applauded the TWC's decision to postpone reinstating its work-search requirement, which he said should have never been an issue.
"Doing the right thing shouldn't be this hard," Rahman wrote in an email. "The fact that workforce requirements were even a question shows exactly what [Gov. Greg] Abbott and the Texas Workforce Commission's think about our current crisis. There are still thousands of Texans waiting for their workforce claims to be processed."
The Texas AFL-CIO also praised the TWC's decision but said it believes more is needed from the agency to protect workers, including making it easier for out-of-work Texans to reach the agency by phone or online if they have concerns about unemployment or other matters.
"TWC employees have risen to the occasion mightily," the labor group wrote in a press release. "They are doing their utmost to serve the state, but they are digging out from an avalanche with a teaspoon. Until TWC ramps up public access to acceptable levels, the agency needs to dispense with administrative requirements that are not essential to the task of verifying eligibility and making payments. The agency should go further and suspend the bi-weekly 'request for payment' required of workers who have already been deemed eligible for benefits."