• Non-farm payrolls: +379,000 vs. +200,000 expected and a revised +166,000 in January

  • Unemployment rate: 6.2% vs. 6.3% expected and 6.3% in January

  • Average hourly earnings, month-over-month: 0.2% vs. 0.2% expected and a revised 0.1% in January

  • Average hourly earnings, year-over-year: 5.3% vs. 5.3% expected and a revised 5.3% in January

Employers added 379,000 jobs and the unemployment rate edged down to 6.2% in February, adding to other signs the broader economic recovery is gaining strength nearly a year into the pandemic.

Economists had expected U.S. employers to add a seasonally adjusted 210,000 jobs in February and the unemployment rate to hold at 6.3%, according to a Wall Street Journal survey.

Change in payrolls since February 2020Source: Labor DepartmentNote: Seasonally adjusted
%'21-15.0-12.5-10.0-7.5-5.0-2.50.0

The pickup is a sign of renewed momentum for the labor market, which lost jobs in December. But the monthly gain did little to recover the nearly 10 million jobs still missing from the 22 million positions lost last March and April at the start of the pandemic.

“The recent hiring trend is just not cutting it in terms of making up for all the jobs last spring,” said Nela Richardson, a Ph.D. economist at human-resources software firm Automatic Data Processing Inc. “But as we reopen the economy, inch-by-inch, that will unleash consumer spending and drive job growth, especially industries that have been most severely affected by the pandemic.”

Reduced business restrictions, more people receiving vaccines, and a lower level of Covid-19 infections relative to a January peak are contributing to increased economic activity and should translate into more robust hiring, Dr. Richardson said. She added that restaurants, hotels, concert venues, and stadiums—all part of the hospitality industry that lost some 4 million jobs last year—will lead what she expects to be a spring burst in hiring.

Unemployment rateSource: Labor DepartmentNote: Seasonally adjusted
%2020'21051015

The Congressional Budget Office and many economists expect it will take until 2024 to fully recoup jobs lost during the pandemic.

There are signs the labor market and overall economy have improved in recent weeks.

Worker claims for unemployment benefits—a proxy for layoffs—fell in the latter half of February to their lowest level in nearly three months, though they remain above the pre-pandemic peak. Following back-to-back months of contraction, U.S. workers reported for more shifts in February, said Ultimate Kronos Group, a workplace software firm. And internet job boards showed openings early this year returned to pre-pandemic levels, indicating building demand for labor.

“We’re desperately trying to hire because I don’t see it slowing down,” said Bobbi Westerby, chief executive at Environmental Consulting & Technology Inc. The Gainesville, Fla., firm, which works on renewable energy and other projects, paused hiring last spring due to the uncertainty the pandemic caused. It also lost staff to retirements and employees stepping away to care for children, Ms. Westerby said.

But the firm’s revenue held up better than she initially expected. By July of last year, it needed to start hiring. The 215-person firm has 10 more employees than before the pandemic and 13 open positions it hopes to fill by April. Those roles, including environmental technicians and project managers, generally required college degrees.

Government-stimulus payments to individuals, federal loans to businesses, and enhanced unemployment benefits also appeared to stoke the economy at the start of the year. Household income growth surged in January, and consumers boosted their spending 2.4% from December, the Commerce Department said. Demand for manufactured goods is also rising this year, and home sales are trending at 14-year highs.

Change in payrolls since February 2020Source: Labor DepartmentNote: Seasonally adjusted
%RetailGoodsGovernmentOverallAllservicesLeisureandhospitalityFeb. 2020'21-50-40-30-20-100

All those factors should reinforce economic growth, especially if more people grow comfortable with leaving their homes and start dining out and buying in-person services.

Centerline Logistics, a Seattle company that provides fuel to ships in U.S. ports, is hiring to keep up with better-than-expected demand. Volumes at ports where Centerline operates picked up last fall as the demand for consumer goods rose ahead of the holidays, and that demand has continued this year, Chief Executive Matt Godden said.

“Ships are stacked up at the port as far as the eye can see,” he said.

Mr. Godden said he expects increased leisure travel later this year to result in more oil and fuel tankers arriving in ports. “We needed more workers and equipment,” he added.

The company acquired six additional fuel barges late last year and is looking to add 70 workers to crew the larger fleet. The jobs start at $45,000 a year and don’t require college degrees, but do require a willingness to work in the elements and the physical ability to work on a boat.