Unemployment rates were lower in February in 23 states and the District of Columbia,

higher in 4 states, and stable in 23 states, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. Forty-five states and the District had jobless rate increases from
a year earlier and five states had little or no change. The national unemployment 
rate, 6.2 percent, was little changed over the month, but was 2.7 percentage points
higher than in February 2020.

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 11 states, decreased in 3 states, and was
essentially unchanged in 36 states and the District of Columbia in February 2021.
Over the year, nonfarm payroll employment decreased in 48 states and the District
and was essentially unchanged in 2 states.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian labor
force and unemployment data are modeled based largely on a survey of households. 
These data pertain to individuals by where they reside. The employment data are 
from an establishment survey that measures nonfarm employment, hours, and earnings
by industry. These data pertain to jobs on payrolls defined by where the 
establishments are located. For more information about the concepts and statistical
methodologies used by these two programs, see the Technical Note.

Unemployment

Hawaii and New York had the highest unemployment rates in February, 9.2 percent
and 8.9 percent, respectively, while South Dakota, 2.9 percent, and Utah, 3.0
percent, had the lowest rates. In total, 27 states had unemployment rates lower 
than the U.S. figure of 6.2 percent, 12 states and the District of Columbia had 
higher rates, and 11 states had rates that were not appreciably different from 
that of the nation. (See tables A and 1.)

In February, Hawaii had the largest over-the-month unemployment rate decrease
(-1.1 percentage points). Three additional states had rate decreases of at least
0.5 percentage point: Massachusetts (-0.7 point) and California and Michigan (-0.5
point each). Connecticut had the largest rate increase (+0.4 percentage point). 
Twenty-three states had jobless rates that were not notably different from those 
of a month earlier, though some had changes that were at least as large 
numerically as the significant changes. (See table B.)

The largest unemployment rate increase from February 2020 occurred in Hawaii 
(+7.1 percentage points). The next largest over-the-year jobless rate increase
was in New York (+5.0 percentage points), with another 10 states and the District
of Columbia experiencing rate increases of at least 3.0 points. (See table C.)

Nonfarm Payroll Employment

Nonfarm payroll employment increased in 11 states, decreased in 3 states, and
was essentially unchanged in 36 states and the District of Columbia in February
2021. The largest job gains occurred in California (+141,000), Michigan (+63,500),
and Washington (+28,700). The largest percentage increase occurred in Michigan
(+1.6 percent), followed by California, New Mexico, and Washington (+0.9 percent
each). Employment decreased in Missouri (-11,600, or -0.4 percent), Oklahoma
(-10,700, or -0.7 percent), and Mississippi (-7,000, or -0.6 percent). (See tables
D and 3.)

Over the year, nonfarm payroll employment decreased in 48 states and the District
of Columbia and was essentially unchanged in 2 states. The largest job declines
occurred in California (-1,662,000), New York (-1,062,800), and Texas (-593,300).
The largest percentage declines occurred in Hawaii (-17.8 percent), New York (-10.8
percent), and Nevada (-10.6 percent). (See table E.)

_____________
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for February is 
scheduled to be released on Wednesday, April 7, 2021, at 10:00 a.m. (ET). The 
State Employment and Unemployment news release for March is scheduled to be
released on Friday, April 16, 2021, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).


 _______________________________________________________________________________________ 
|											|
|             Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Impact on February 2021			|
|                    Establishment and Household Survey Data				|
|											|
| BLS has continued to review all estimation and methodological procedures for the	|
| establishment survey, which included the review of data, estimation processes,	|
| the application of the birth-death model, and seasonal adjustment. Business		|
| births and deaths cannot be adequately captured by the establishment survey as	|
| they occur. Therefore, the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program uses a		|
| model to account for the relatively stable net employment change generated by		|
| business births and deaths. Due to the impact of COVID-19, the relationship 		|
| between business births and deaths is no longer stable. Typically, reports with	|
| zero employment are not included in estimation. For the January final and 		|
| February preliminary estimates, CES included a portion of these reports in the	|
| estimates and made modifications to the birth-death model. In addition for both	|
| months, the establishment survey included a portion of the reports that returned	|
| to reporting positive employment from reporting zero employment. For more		|
| information, see www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbd.htm.					|
|											|
| In the establishment survey, workers who are paid by their employer for all or	|
| any part of the pay period including the 12th of the month are counted as		|
| employed, even if they were not actually at their jobs. Workers who are 		|
| temporarily or permanently absent from their jobs and are not being paid are		|
| not counted as employed, even if they are continuing to receive benefits. The		|
| length of the reference period does vary across the respondents in the 		|
| establishment survey; one-third of businesses have a weekly pay period, slightly	|
| over 40 percent a bi-weekly, about 20 percent semi-monthly, and a small amount	|
| monthly.										|
|											|
| For the February 2021 estimates of household employment and unemployment from the	|
| Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program, BLS continued to implement		|
| level-shift outliers in the employment and/or unemployment inputs to the models,	|
| based on statistical evaluation of movements in each area's inputs. Both the 		|
| Current Population Survey inputs, which serve as the primary inputs to the LAUS	|
| models, and the nonfarm payroll employment and unemployment insurance claims 		|
| covariates were examined for outliers. The resulting implementation of level 		|
| shifts preserved movements in the published estimates that the models otherwise	|
| would have discounted, without requiring changes to how the models create estimates	|
| at other points in the time series.							|
|											|
| The "Frequently asked questions" document at 						|
| www.bls.gov/covid19/employment-situation-covid19-faq-february-2021.htm extensively	|
| discusses the impact of a misclassification in the household survey on the national	|
| estimates for February 2021. Despite the considerable decline in its degree 		|
| relative to prior months, this misclassification continued to be widespread 		|
| geographically, with BLS analysis indicating that most states again were affected	|
| to at least some extent. However, according to usual practice, the data from the	|
| household survey are accepted as recorded. To maintain data integrity, no ad hoc	|
| actions are taken to reclassify survey responses. Hence, the household survey		|
| estimates of employed and unemployed people that serve as the primary inputs to	|
| the state models were affected to varying degrees by the misclassification, which	|
| in turn affected the official LAUS estimates for February 2021.			|
|											|
| Household data for Puerto Rico are not modeled, but rather are derived from a 	|
| monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Due to the 	|
| effects of the pandemic and efforts to contain the virus, Puerto Rico had not been	|
| able to conduct its household survey for March or April 2020. Since data collection	|
| resumed effective May 2020, the Puerto Rico Department of Labor has reported a	|
| misclassification in its household survey similar in nature to the misclassification	|
| in the Current Population Survey.							|
|_______________________________________________________________________________________|



Table A. States with unemployment rates significantly different
from that of the U.S., February 2021, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------
                State                |          Rate(p)
--------------------------------------------------------------
United States (1) ...................|           6.2
                                     |              
Alabama .............................|           4.0
Arkansas ............................|           4.5
California ..........................|           8.5
Connecticut .........................|           8.5
District of Columbia ................|           8.1
Florida .............................|           4.7
Georgia .............................|           4.8
Hawaii ..............................|           9.2
Idaho ...............................|           3.3
Illinois ............................|           7.4
                                     |              
Indiana .............................|           4.0
Iowa ................................|           3.6
Kansas ..............................|           3.2
Kentucky ............................|           5.2
Louisiana ...........................|           7.6
Maine ...............................|           4.8
Massachusetts .......................|           7.1
Michigan ............................|           5.2
Minnesota ...........................|           4.3
Missouri ............................|           4.2
                                     |              
Montana .............................|           3.9
Nebraska ............................|           3.1
Nevada ..............................|           8.3
New Hampshire .......................|           3.3
New Jersey ..........................|           7.8
New Mexico ..........................|           8.3
New York ............................|           8.9
North Dakota ........................|           4.7
Ohio ................................|           5.0
Oklahoma ............................|           4.4
                                     |              
Pennsylvania ........................|           7.3
South Carolina ......................|           5.2
South Dakota ........................|           2.9
Tennessee ...........................|           4.9
Texas ...............................|           6.9
Utah ................................|           3.0
Vermont .............................|           3.1
Virginia ............................|           5.2
Wisconsin ...........................|           3.8
Wyoming .............................|           5.3
--------------------------------------------------------------
   (1) Data are not preliminary.
   (p) = preliminary.


Table B. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from January 2021 to February 2021, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------| Over-the-month
             State              |  January  |  February |    change(p)
                                |    2021   |  2021(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     4.3   |     4.0   |      -0.3
California .....................|     9.0   |     8.5   |       -.5
Connecticut ....................|     8.1   |     8.5   |        .4
Delaware .......................|     6.1   |     6.3   |        .2
District of Columbia ...........|     8.4   |     8.1   |       -.3
Georgia ........................|     5.1   |     4.8   |       -.3
Hawaii .........................|    10.3   |     9.2   |      -1.1
Idaho ..........................|     3.5   |     3.3   |       -.2
Illinois .......................|     7.7   |     7.4   |       -.3
Indiana ........................|     4.2   |     4.0   |       -.2
                                |           |           |          
Kansas .........................|     3.4   |     3.2   |       -.2
Maine ..........................|     5.2   |     4.8   |       -.4
Maryland .......................|     6.4   |     6.2   |       -.2
Massachusetts ..................|     7.8   |     7.1   |       -.7
Michigan .......................|     5.7   |     5.2   |       -.5
Minnesota ......................|     4.5   |     4.3   |       -.2
New Hampshire ..................|     3.6   |     3.3   |       -.3
New Mexico .....................|     8.7   |     8.3   |       -.4
North Carolina .................|     5.9   |     5.7   |       -.2
North Dakota ...................|     4.5   |     4.7   |        .2
                                |           |           |          
Ohio ...........................|     5.3   |     5.0   |       -.3
South Dakota ...................|     3.1   |     2.9   |       -.2
Tennessee ......................|     5.1   |     4.9   |       -.2
Texas ..........................|     6.8   |     6.9   |        .1
Vermont ........................|     3.2   |     3.1   |       -.1
Virginia .......................|     5.3   |     5.2   |       -.1
Washington .....................|     6.0   |     5.6   |       -.4
West Virginia ..................|     6.5   |     6.2   |       -.3
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table C. States with statistically significant unemployment rate changes
from February 2020 to February 2021, seasonally adjusted
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                |          Rate         |
                                |-----------|-----------|  Over-the-year
             State              |  February |  February |    change(p)
                                |    2020   |  2021(p)  |
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ........................|     2.6   |     4.0   |       1.4
Alaska .........................|     5.1   |     6.6   |       1.5
Arizona ........................|     4.9   |     6.9   |       2.0
Arkansas .......................|     3.8   |     4.5   |        .7
California .....................|     4.3   |     8.5   |       4.2
Colorado .......................|     2.8   |     6.6   |       3.8
Connecticut ....................|     3.7   |     8.5   |       4.8
Delaware .......................|     4.5   |     6.3   |       1.8
District of Columbia ...........|     5.0   |     8.1   |       3.1
Florida ........................|     3.3   |     4.7   |       1.4
                                |           |           |          
Georgia ........................|     3.5   |     4.8   |       1.3
Hawaii .........................|     2.1   |     9.2   |       7.1
Idaho ..........................|     2.6   |     3.3   |        .7
Illinois .......................|     3.6   |     7.4   |       3.8
Indiana ........................|     3.2   |     4.0   |        .8
Iowa ...........................|     2.9   |     3.6   |        .7
Kentucky .......................|     4.2   |     5.2   |       1.0
Louisiana ......................|     5.2   |     7.6   |       2.4
Maine ..........................|     3.1   |     4.8   |       1.7
Maryland .......................|     3.5   |     6.2   |       2.7
                                |           |           |          
Massachusetts ..................|     2.8   |     7.1   |       4.3
Michigan .......................|     3.7   |     5.2   |       1.5
Minnesota ......................|     3.3   |     4.3   |       1.0
Mississippi ....................|     5.8   |     6.3   |        .5
Missouri .......................|     3.6   |     4.2   |        .6
Nevada .........................|     3.7   |     8.3   |       4.6
New Hampshire ..................|     2.6   |     3.3   |        .7
New Jersey .....................|     3.7   |     7.8   |       4.1
New Mexico .....................|     5.3   |     8.3   |       3.0
New York .......................|     3.9   |     8.9   |       5.0
                                |           |           |          
North Carolina .................|     3.6   |     5.7   |       2.1
North Dakota ...................|     2.3   |     4.7   |       2.4
Oklahoma .......................|     3.1   |     4.4   |       1.3
Oregon .........................|     3.5   |     6.1   |       2.6
Pennsylvania ...................|     5.0   |     7.3   |       2.3
Rhode Island ...................|     4.0   |     7.3   |       3.3
South Carolina .................|     2.8   |     5.2   |       2.4
Tennessee ......................|     3.9   |     4.9   |       1.0
Texas ..........................|     3.7   |     6.9   |       3.2
Utah ...........................|     2.5   |     3.0   |        .5
                                |           |           |          
Vermont ........................|     2.5   |     3.1   |        .6
Virginia .......................|     2.5   |     5.2   |       2.7
Washington .....................|     4.1   |     5.6   |       1.5
West Virginia ..................|     5.1   |     6.2   |       1.1
Wisconsin ......................|     3.3   |     3.8   |        .5
Wyoming ........................|     4.8   |     5.3   |        .5
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table D. States with statistically significant employment changes from
January 2021 to February 2021, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-month change(p)
           State              |   January   |   February  |---------------------------
                              |     2021    |    2021(p)  |    Level    |   Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alaska .......................|     303,700 |     305,700 |       2,000 |      0.7
California ...................|  15,857,900 |  15,998,900 |     141,000 |       .9
Illinois .....................|   5,660,500 |   5,681,600 |      21,100 |       .4
Massachusetts ................|   3,394,200 |   3,408,300 |      14,100 |       .4
Michigan .....................|   4,057,100 |   4,120,600 |      63,500 |      1.6
Minnesota ....................|   2,771,200 |   2,785,100 |      13,900 |       .5
Mississippi ..................|   1,123,200 |   1,116,200 |      -7,000 |      -.6
Missouri .....................|   2,807,700 |   2,796,100 |     -11,600 |      -.4
New Mexico ...................|     777,800 |     784,800 |       7,000 |       .9
North Carolina ...............|   4,438,500 |   4,452,900 |      14,400 |       .3
                              |             |             |             |       
Oklahoma .....................|   1,620,500 |   1,609,800 |     -10,700 |      -.7
Oregon .......................|   1,805,200 |   1,819,100 |      13,900 |       .8
Utah .........................|   1,570,100 |   1,578,000 |       7,900 |       .5
Washington ...................|   3,271,900 |   3,300,600 |      28,700 |       .9
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.


Table E. States with statistically significant employment changes from
February 2020 to February 2021, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              |             |             | Over-the-year change(p)
           State              |   February  |   February  |---------------------------
                              |     2020    |    2021(p)  |    Level    |    Percent
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama ......................|   2,086,500 |   2,018,400 |     -68,100 |     -3.3
Alaska .......................|     329,800 |     305,700 |     -24,100 |     -7.3
Arizona ......................|   2,993,100 |   2,875,300 |    -117,800 |     -3.9
Arkansas .....................|   1,292,400 |   1,255,600 |     -36,800 |     -2.8
California ...................|  17,660,900 |  15,998,900 |  -1,662,000 |     -9.4
Colorado .....................|   2,819,000 |   2,662,300 |    -156,700 |     -5.6
Connecticut ..................|   1,696,300 |   1,574,800 |    -121,500 |     -7.2
Delaware .....................|     468,000 |     443,500 |     -24,500 |     -5.2
District of Columbia .........|     803,400 |     732,100 |     -71,300 |     -8.9
Florida ......................|   9,072,100 |   8,512,100 |    -560,000 |     -6.2
                              |             |             |             |       
Georgia ......................|   4,666,500 |   4,452,900 |    -213,600 |     -4.6
Hawaii .......................|     662,300 |     544,300 |    -118,000 |    -17.8
Illinois .....................|   6,142,800 |   5,681,600 |    -461,200 |     -7.5
Indiana ......................|   3,163,800 |   3,025,800 |    -138,000 |     -4.4
Iowa .........................|   1,590,900 |   1,510,500 |     -80,400 |     -5.1
Kansas .......................|   1,428,800 |   1,358,300 |     -70,500 |     -4.9
Kentucky .....................|   1,957,000 |   1,856,600 |    -100,400 |     -5.1
Louisiana ....................|   1,993,500 |   1,838,300 |    -155,200 |     -7.8
Maine ........................|     640,000 |     605,800 |     -34,200 |     -5.3
Maryland .....................|   2,779,000 |   2,613,100 |    -165,900 |     -6.0
                              |             |             |             |       
Massachusetts ................|   3,733,400 |   3,408,300 |    -325,100 |     -8.7
Michigan .....................|   4,452,900 |   4,120,600 |    -332,300 |     -7.5
Minnesota ....................|   2,996,300 |   2,785,100 |    -211,200 |     -7.0
Mississippi ..................|   1,163,200 |   1,116,200 |     -47,000 |     -4.0
Missouri .....................|   2,926,600 |   2,796,100 |    -130,500 |     -4.5
Montana ......................|     488,000 |     477,700 |     -10,300 |     -2.1
Nebraska .....................|   1,032,400 |   1,002,100 |     -30,300 |     -2.9
Nevada .......................|   1,442,800 |   1,289,300 |    -153,500 |    -10.6
New Hampshire ................|     689,000 |     651,500 |     -37,500 |     -5.4
New Jersey ...................|   4,229,600 |   3,876,400 |    -353,200 |     -8.4
                              |             |             |             |       
New Mexico ...................|     861,900 |     784,800 |     -77,100 |     -8.9
New York .....................|   9,835,100 |   8,772,300 |  -1,062,800 |    -10.8
North Carolina ...............|   4,626,600 |   4,452,900 |    -173,700 |     -3.8
North Dakota .................|     440,300 |     411,800 |     -28,500 |     -6.5
Ohio .........................|   5,609,900 |   5,295,900 |    -314,000 |     -5.6
Oklahoma .....................|   1,701,700 |   1,609,800 |     -91,900 |     -5.4
Oregon .......................|   1,973,000 |   1,819,100 |    -153,900 |     -7.8
Pennsylvania .................|   6,092,600 |   5,656,700 |    -435,900 |     -7.2
Rhode Island .................|     507,200 |     462,900 |     -44,300 |     -8.7
South Carolina ...............|   2,196,400 |   2,111,300 |     -85,100 |     -3.9
                              |             |             |             |      
South Dakota .................|     442,800 |     431,800 |     -11,000 |     -2.5
Tennessee ....................|   3,153,700 |   3,035,100 |    -118,600 |     -3.8
Texas ........................|  12,970,000 |  12,376,700 |    -593,300 |     -4.6
Vermont ......................|     314,500 |     286,900 |     -27,600 |     -8.8
Virginia .....................|   4,091,000 |   3,893,700 |    -197,300 |     -4.8
Washington ...................|   3,513,100 |   3,300,600 |    -212,500 |     -6.0
West Virginia ................|     718,700 |     679,300 |     -39,400 |     -5.5
Wisconsin ....................|   2,997,800 |   2,833,200 |    -164,600 |     -5.5
Wyoming ......................|     288,600 |     273,500 |     -15,100 |     -5.2
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   (p) = preliminary.